Technical and Other Performance Standards

Technical standards, as distinguished from academic standards, refer to physical, cognitive, and behavioral abilities required for satisfactory completion of all aspects of the curriculum, and the development of professional attributes required of all students at graduation. The essential abilities required by the curriculum are: motor, sensory, verbal and written communication, intellectual (conceptual, integrative, and quantitative abilities for problem solving and decision making), and the behavioral and social aspects for performance of patient care. Students must be capable of perceiving the signs of disease or adverse drug effects as manifested through visual observation, performing limited physical examination, and obtaining capillary or venous blood samples from a patient. Students should be able to administer medications via injection.

Students must be able to develop reasoning and decision-making skills appropriate to the practice of pharmacy. Students must demonstrate sound clinical judgement in evaluating, assessing, and recommending patient therapeutic plans to achieve intended outcomes. Students must demonstrate the ability to make a correct judgment in seeking supervision and consultation in a timely manner.

Students must be able to communicate effectively with patients, family members or caretakers, and other health care professionals. This requires the ability to understand verbal and written information and recognize the significance of non-verbal responses. Students must be capable of responsive, empathetic listening to establish rapport in a way that promotes openness and shows sensitivity to potential cultural differences. Students must be able to process and communicate information on a patient’s status with accuracy and in a timely manner to others. This information must communicated in a succinct, yet comprehensive manner, in settings in which time available is limited.

Students must be able to understand the basis and content of medical and pharmacy ethics. Students must have the emotional stability to function effectively under stress and to adapt to an environment which may change rapidly without warning and in unpredictable ways.