Pharmacy Practice Transformational Research

Goals

The primary goals of the I2P2 Pharmacy Practice Research program are to evaluate the impact and advance the adoption of innovative pharmacist patient care services to improve health outcomes.

Pivotal Science

expand
Gardner JS, Miller L, Downing DF, Le S, Blough D, Shotorbani S. Pharmacist prescribing of hormonal contraceptives: results of the Direct Access study. J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2008 Mar-Apr;48(2):212-21; 5 p following 221. doi: 10.1331/JAPhA.2008.07138.

Gardner JS. Establishing a vaccine administration program in the community pharmacy. J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash). 2000 Jan-Feb;40(1):111-2.

Gardner JS, Hutchings J, Fuller TS, Downing D. Increasing access to emergency contraception through community pharmacies: lessons from Washington State. Fam Plann Perspect. 2001 Jul-Aug;33(4):172-5

Hutchings J, Winkler JL, Fuller TS, Gardner JS, Wells ES, Downing D, Shafer R. When the morning after is Sunday: pharmacist prescribing of emergency contraceptive pills. J Am Med Womens Assoc (1972). 1998;53(5 Suppl 2):230-2

Wells ES, Hutchings J, Gardner JS, Winkler JL, Fuller TS, Downing D, Shafer R. Using pharmacies in Washington state to expand access to emergency contraception. Fam Plann Perspect. 1998 Nov-Dec;30(6):288-90

Downing D. Inviting the pharmacist: A model for improved reproductive care access. Contraception. 2012 Jan;85(1):2-4. doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2011.09.011. Epub 2011 Nov 8.

Downing D. Pharmaceutical Care in Emergency Contraception. J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash). 2002 Sep-Oct;42(5 Suppl 1):S38-9.

Current projects

The Gaps in Diabetes Care – Statins (GuIDE-S) Study

expand
Primary Investigators:
Jennifer Bacci, PharmD, MPH, BCACP, Assistant Professor
Peggy Odegard, BSPharm, PharmD, CDE, Professor

Project Goal:

To compare the impact of usual care and a community pharmacist-led model of initiating and monitoring statin therapy on the change in

  1. percent of pharmacy population with diabetes initiated on a statin therapy, and,
  2. patient adherence and persistence to statin therapy

Sponsorship:

This research is supported by a grant from the National Association of Chain Drug Stores Foundation.

For more information about the GuIDE-S study, please click here.
Primary Investigators:
Jennifer Bacci, PharmD, MPH, BCACP, Assistant Professor
Peggy Odegard, BSPharm, PharmD, CDE, Professor

Project Goal:

To compare the impact of usual care and a community pharmacist-led model of initiating and monitoring statin therapy on the change in

  1. percent of pharmacy population with diabetes initiated on a statin therapy, and,
  2. patient adherence and persistence to statin therapy

Sponsorship:

This research is supported by a grant from the National Association of Chain Drug Stores Foundation.

For more information about the GuIDE-S study, please click here.

Recent projects

Project VACCINATE

expand
Primary Investigators:
Jennifer Bacci, PharmD, MPH, BCACP, Assistant Professor
Peggy Odegard, BSPharm, PharmD, CDE, Professor

Project Goals

  1. Improve influenza, pneumococcal, pertussis, and herpes zoster immunization rates in adults
  2. Implement innovative methods for sharing immunization information across appropriate healthcare partners
  3. Align incentives between payers and pharmacies to identify an effective value-based payment model
  4. Improve vaccine preparedness planning among the state health department and community pharmacies

Important Findings

The project found a 14% increase in the number of adults immunizations in a one year periodas a result of the pharmacist outreach and support.

Sponsorship:

This project was supported by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Association of Chain Drug Stores (NACDS). This project is part of a larger initiative with three (3) sub-awardees spanning four (4) states to increase adult immunizations.  The demonstration projects are supported by Grant Federal Award Identification Number, IH23IP000985, for $800,000 funded by the CDC. NACDS contributed an additional $300,000 to execute the demonstration projects.  Given this contribution, each sub-awardee received approximately 67 percent ($200,000) of its funding from the CDC and approximately 33 percent ($100,000) from NACDS to implement its demonstration project. A total of $1.1 million will be used to complete CDC project work, with 73 percent from the CDC and 27 percent from NACDS.

Publications and presentations

Publications

Bacci J, Hansen R, Ree C, Reynolds MJ, Stergachis A, Odegard PS. The effects of proactive outreach and value-based payment on adult immunizations and documentation by community pharmacists. Vaccine. 2019; 37:152-159.

Wang AB, Bacci JL, Amoo M, Ree C, Firebaugh R, Odegard P. Impact of an immunization platform in community pharmacies. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2019; 59(4):S151-S155.

Akers JL, Meer G, Kintner J, Shields A, Dillon-Sumner S, Bacci JL. Implementing a pharmacist-led in-home medication coaching service via community-based partnerships. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2019; 59:243-251.

Bacci JL, Bigham KA, Dillon Sumner L, Ferreri SP, Frail CK, Hamada CY, Lantaff W, McGivney MS, Renner H, Snyder ME, Curran GM. Community Pharmacist Patient Care Services: A Systematic Review of Approaches Used for Implementation and Evaluation. J Am Coll Clin Pharm. 2019; 2(4):423-432.

Lin J, Bacci JL, Reynolds MJ, Li Y, Firebaugh RG, Odegard PS. Comparison of two training methods in community pharmacy: Project VACCINATE. J Am Pharm Assoc. doi: 10.1016/j.japh.2018.04.003 (published April 9, 2018).

Posters

Tran M, Bacci JL, Odegard P. Enhancing Adult Immunization Care in Community Pharmacies: A Qualitative Analysis. Poster presentation at the American Pharmacists Association Annual Meeting. Nashville, TN. March 2018.

Lin J, Bacci J, Reynolds M, Odegard P. Comparison of two training methods and their effect on immunization delivery in community pharmacy: Project VACCINATE. Poster presentation at the Northwest Pharmacy Convention. Coeur D’Alene, ID. June 2017.

Lin J, Bacci J, Reynolds M, Odegard P. Comparison of two training methods and their effect on immunization delivery in community pharmacy: Project VACCINATE. Poster presentation at the American Pharmacists Association Annual Meeting. San Francisco, CA. March 2017.

Lin J, Bacci J, Reynolds M, Odegard P. Comparison of two training methods and their effect on immunization delivery in community pharmacy: Project VACCINATE. Poster presentation at the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists Midyear Clinical Meeting. Las Vegas, NV. December 2016.

Presentations

Malburg DE, Bacci JL, Reynolds M, Kellogg A. Education program presented as part of the “Pharmacist Integration and Utilization of Immunization Information Systems” session hosted by the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, American Pharmacists Association, National Alliance of State Pharmacy Associations, and Washington State Pharmacy Association at the 2019 American Pharmacists Association Annual Meeting & Exposition, Seattle, WA.

May 2018

Improving Adult Immunization Rates and Registry Reporting Through Health Care Collaborations
Bacci J, Coley K, Odegard P, Wehbi N, Berenbrok K. Education program presented at the 2018 National Immunization Conference, Atlanta, GA.

Nov 2017

Value-Based Collaborations to Increase Community-Based Adult Vaccinations and Emergency Preparedness: Project VACCINATE
Bacci J, Hansen R, Stergachis A, Ree C, Reynolds M, Arnold J, Bansal A, Odegard P. Education program presented as part of the “Implementing Value-Based Collaborations to Improve Immunizations: Three Demonstration Projects” session at the 2017 American Public Health Association Annual Meeting and Exposition, Atlanta, GA.

Questions on a project?